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CʴSɮ

ʴɹɪ{xɺ

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4880 EhS |ɴ=k JiEx CS {ɹ]Ehɺ` i CS {h +Ex hɺ` VS P]E V ɤn iS ʴSɮ ɴ Mi; +h iS SMɱ {ʮSɪ ɴ hx ɤnS P]E V h iS ʴɴSx +ɶ +ɽ ɨֳS |lɨ hǴSɮ, xiɮ ɤnʴSɮ +h +JҺ CʴSɮ + Gx EhS Sx i ix ʴSɮ{E l{ɪi hǴSɮ +h ɤnʴSɮ nS {ʽ nx Mi lɺM =r]x Zɱ i ɴ +liS Cɺ{ɹ]EhS =qx i䴽 {ʽ nx M iɺª MS {E +ɽi EhS J M S hx +i Mi EhEhi ʴɹɪ EhEhi Gx ɴɪS +ɽi i |lɨ {ɽ

CʴSɮiұ ʴɹɪ

C hV Eɪ {ڴ MiɱS +ɽ CS +l {ɹ] Ehɺ` iiұ {nS {ɮ{ɮ Ƥv ɨVɱ {ʽV Ƥv +xE |EɮS +ɽ Cɨv J ɤn nx +ɽi & Ei +h G{n Vɺ &- ɨ Sɱi Ci Sɱhɮ V ɨ i Ei +h Sɱi G{n +ɽ Ei G{n nx ɤnʶɴɪ C Evӽ {h i xɽ V䴽 G{n EE + iɴ +hJ E +ɱ {ʽV ɨ {j Si lұ Si G{n EE +ɱɨֳ ɨ Ejªʶɴɪ +hJ {j EtiE ɤnS Vɰ +ɽ BS |iE Ci Ei G{n +h +ɶ VM E +ɱS {ʽVi {E Ei E xɨ ˴f xɨ|ɨh Vɱ i䴽 |lɨ xɨS G{nƶ Ƥv E +i +h (663) iS {ɮ{ɮƤv Eɪ +i ɨVɱ {ʽV Ƥv xɨS ʴɦkɨɪxi {ƴɰx +h viS +Jiɰ{ƴɰx ɨVii i䴽 |lɨ ʴɦHS +JiS xɮxɮɳ +l Ehi i {ʽ {ʽV iɺS G{n Ev Ev ƪH +ɱɨֳ ƪH G{nS SxS ʽiҽ |lɨ Zɱ {ʽV i䴽S G{nS, Ei, E Sɶ Ehi |EɮS Ƥv +i vxi hɺ ֱɦ <DZ ƤvɺS ɮ` Ehi |ɪM + ] +ɽ S xiɮ xɨʴɶh +h Gʴɶh

ɴxɨ +h +ɪ

`Eh Ehɺ + E =i{z <DZ E, ɤnS V +` Vi {ڴ Miɱ +ɽi, i{E xɨ, ʴɶh, G ˴f vi, +h Gʴɶh iɮ M ES SɮS Cɺ Eƽ VɰS xɽ E Eɪ? iS CʴSɮi EƽS Ƥv i xɽ Eɪ? ES ɨvx + & CʴSɮS o]x xɨ ɴxɨ ɽv BES; iS {=lC {=lC ʴSɮ EhS ʴɶ Vɰ xɽ ʶɴɪ ɴxɨS +l ={ɪM {ڴ MEhiS nJʴɱ +ɽi il{ CʴSɮi xɨS +x֮vx iS=ɱJ +ɶ lɳ Ehi <DZ =ɪxɪ +ɪ ɽv nx Cƨvұ Ƥv nJʴhɮ +ɱɨֳ iS |iE CS {ɹ]Ehi ɮ Ƥv {Si xɽ ɤnM +ɪxi ɤn CS o]x Gʴɶh i, q {ڴ +xE |ɺM MiɱS +ɽ hx ɤnM +ɪSɽ CʴɴSxi ij{h xnǶ EhS +ɴɶEi xɽ +h Eɱ|ɪM +ɪ Mɱ ˴f {f EhiS CS Ii +ɪɴ i xɺɱɨֳ hV i CS ɽұ ij ɤn +ɱɨֳ iS CʴɴSxɶ +l+l Ƥv xɽ |ɨh Co] ɴxɨ (664) xɨi, ɤnM +ɪ Gʴɶhi, ɽv ɨʴɹ] i +ɱɨֳ +h =ɪxɪ Eɱ|ɪM +ɪ CS ɽS +ɱɨֳ ɴxɨ, ɤnM, =ɪxɪ +h Eɱ|ɪM S ij =J CS =r]xi ɮ i xɽ il{ ɴxɨ =ɪxɪ +ɪ S |ɺM{k l[ɺ ʴSɮ Miɽ <DZS

C{=lCEh

h|ɨh CʴSɮ Mi ʴɦkɨɪl +Jil, ƪH G{n, |ɪM, Ei, E G{n ʶɴɪ +h {nG ʴɹɪ ii l Eh ʴɹɪ ɽiE {ɱS + hɴɪS {ɮi +E[ C{=lCEh + hii |Ehɨv CS xɮxɮɳ Vi Ehi +h Ciұ {nS {=lCEh Ehi o]x i tS ʴɺiɮ ʴSɮ i |Ehɺ Vɮ C{=lCEh + ] iɮ iS o]x ɮ Miɱ䱪 |Ehɺ CɮSx + xƴ nhɺ Ei xɽ Eɮh E, i |Ehi +{h ɤn{ɺx xPx i V[hx C E iɪɮ i, hV C iɪɮ Ehɺ` ɤn EE V[ɴ Mii, tS ʴSɮ Eʮi; xɴx +MMi |Ehɨv +{h C{ɺx xPx +lo] iS iE[ {bi + nx |Ehiұ oι] ʦz ʦz +ɽ

ɮƶ, CʴSɮS J nx |Eh +ɽi &- CɮSx C{=lCEh {E CɮSxv ʴɦkɨɪl +Jil, ƪH G{n, |ɪM, +xɶɤnƤv +h {nG + ʴɹɪ ii; +h C{=lCEhɨv CS xɮxɮɳ ViS iS +ɪɴɪS +M +M ʴSɮ E +i S Gx CʴSɮS ʴɴSx Ehi <DZ (665)