Resource Center For Indian Language Technology Solution

ɤnʴSɮ

ʴɹɪ|ɴ

MEh, ʴEh, i{k

940 ɤn hV Eɪ {ڴS Miɱ +ɽ Mi V |ɪ&;S Jֱɺ ɴɪS +ɽ, i + &- ɤn Ei |EɮS +ɽi? hV iS Ei M +ɽi? +h i MS ={ɴM Ehi? iS MɴMɳ { E vii? hV Ci iS ={ɪM Eʮix iƺ V +xE ʴEɮ ii, iƺƤvS xɪɨ Eɪ? +h ɤnS =i{k Eɪ? hV i E iɪɮ ii? ɴɰx Mi ɤnƺƤvS J ix M]S ʴSɮ ɴɪS +ɽ + Ex <DZ ɤnS n{ɦn hV iS MEh; ɤnS {S ʺr hV {nʺr ˴f ʴEh; +h ɤnS i{k hx EhS ɤnʴSɮ nֺª MS ix |Eh +ɽi & MEh, ʴEh i{k ix |Eh +xGx {f n +ɽi ix |Ehiұ E vxi hɺ` {fұ ʴɺiɮS Vɰ +ɽ

ɤn ɤnS |ɪM

ɮ`Ҩv ɤn ɤn ɮS nMv +ɽ M䱪S E =l x Eɴ ʴk ɴ VɪS +ɪǮvi +` ɤn +ɽi + +{h hi iS|ɨh M䱪S M ɤnS ɹ`S BESx + +{h hi hV M䱪S ɽ ɤnS +h M ɽ ɤnS; E ɽ ɤnS +h Ex ɽ ɤnS {ɮi `Eh ɤn ɤnS ={ɪM xɮxɮɳ +lx E +ɽ ʴɺɮi Eɨ xɪ

ɤnS ڳ |Ei

|Ei +h ʴEi ƨvұ E |lɨ vxi `ʴɱ {ʽV ɤnS V ڳ { iɺ |Ei hii; +h iɺ Ehi |iɪ Mx V { iɪɮ ii i ɴS iS ʴEii Mhx E {ʽV [77] +i ڳ { hV iɮ Eɪ? ` nOɺi |ɪ&; +ɽ ʴEii S ɤn {ɽ ʴEi ڳ {S ʴEii {iɨS BESx {h ʴEi iɮ ڳS { +ɽ Eɪ? E viں ʴ ={ɺM Mx i{ɺx i |iɪx ʴEi BE xɨ xɱ +ɽ |ɨh ɹv +hɮ ɽiE ɴ ɤn +Mn +ɮƦ Eƽ l[ɶ vi{ɺx =i{z Zɱ +ɽi V|ɨh ڳ V BE +x iS {f J, {x, ֱ, + +xi ʴɺiɮ i; iS|ɨh ɹiұ viְ{ V{ɺx, xɨ, ʴɶh, G{n, xɮxɮ |EɮS +ɪ, {f iV{ɺx +hJ ɨɺi Enxi, iri M ɤn, + +Mhi ɤnʴɺiɮ =nɺ i i䴽 ɺiʴE ] hV viںS ڳ |Ei ] {ʽV; +h i o]x Eƽ ɤn +i{z +ɽi, hV i Ehi vi{ɺx xPɱ Mi i xɽ iSҽ ڳ |Eii Mhx Eʮii

ɤn = lڱ-|Ei +h ʴEi

{ɮi Ehɨv |Ei hV ڳ |Ei + +l xɽ V |iɪxiɮ nֺɮ |iɪ ɽ Mi xɽi iƺ Sɮ |iɪ + hii Sɮ |iɪ nx |EɮS +ɽi & xɨn |i{nEƺ Mhɮ i ʴɦH|iɪ, +h viƺ Mhɮ i +Ji|iɪ i Sɮ |iɪ MhS {ڴS V ڳ { iɺ lڱ o]x |Ei + Ehi hhɺ Ei xɽ {h +liS ڳ |Ei xɴ lڱ |EiҺ ɤn hii ɤn ɤnS BE +l Zɱ |EiS V Ehi ʴEi { iɺɽ ɤn hii iS nֺɮ ʴɺi=i +l

lڱ |Ei

|EiҺ ʴEi V i, i |iɪ Mx i |iɪ nx |EɮS +ɽi & BE ɮ Miɱ Sɮ nֺɮ Sɮiɮ hV VSxiɮ +x |iɪ Mii i Sɨiɮ |iɪ Mx Enxi iri iɪɮ ii ƺ ɨɺƺɽ Sɮ |iɪ Mii hx Enxiƺ, iriƺ ɨɺƺɽ ɮS lڱ o]x |Ei + hi <DZ +ɪƴɰx ɽv EhiS |iɪ ɽ i xɽi i䴽 iƺɽ |Ei hi i Sɮ |iɪ Mx V ʴEi i iS Jɮ ʴEi ; Eɮh iɱ |EiS ɰ{ [78] ɽ |{i i xɽ

ɤn +h {n

Sɮ|iɪxi {ƺ ɺiʴE {n + hii {ɮi iƺɽ ɤn Y ʴɺi=i +lx ʴii il{ Ehɨv ɤn {n ƨvұ E ɽk´S +ɽ Ehɨv ɤn S {nʦz ɪni +lxS ={ɪM Ehi i i vxi vʮ +h |EiʴEiS ɮұ ʴɴSx ɨVx Piɱ, hV ɤnʴSɮiұ ix |Ehi EhEhi ʴɹɪ i S +Ex ɽV <DZ

ɤnʴSɮiɱ ix |Eh

MEhɨv ɴ ɤnS - hV V ʴEiҺ |EiS ɰ{ ɽ i xɽ iS, hVS {niɮ ɤnS, +lɴ ɤn ɤnS ɪni +lx ] Vhª ɤnS - Vi ={Vi Ehi iS ɰ{ Eɪ M]S ʴɺiɮ ʴɴSx i ʴEhɨv Sɮ |iɪx hª ʴEiS hVS {nS ʴɴSx i +li Sɮ |iɪ Ehi i ɤnƺ Mx {n E iɪɮ ii, |Ehi Miɱ +i hxS ɺ Eh {nʺr + hii +h i{k iɺª |Ehi vi{ɺx ˴f ɨʺE ɤnS ʴSɮ S |Ehi EhS Sɱ +ɽ Eɮh E ɨɺ ڳ ɤn xɴi; i ڳS ɤnS ɨڽ i; hV i BE |ES vi ɤnS i; hx iS iɺª |Ehi +xiɦǴ i BS, iɺª i{k |Ehi vi ɤnS, hV V ɤn nֺªi H {nS ʺr i +h {ʽi ʺr vi ɤnS n{ɦn nJʴhi ii

ʺr ɤn, vi ɤn

94 V ɤn ʺr ɤn + hii Vɺ &- xE, Ex, P[, E[ <0

95 V ɤn vi ɤn + hii ɨɺS +xiɦǴ iS i =n0- [䳺 ( [ + ), E[ ( E[ + < ), P[M[ <0 [79]

96 ɤnʴSɮi ix |Eh ii & MEh, ʴEh i{k

( + ) MEhi, ʺr vi nʨɳx ɴ ɤnS n{ɦn Mhi ii

( + ) ʴEhi, ɤn{ɺx {n E iɪɮ ii, i Mhi i hx ʴEhɺ Eh {nʺr + hii

( < ) i{kҨv vi ɤn E xii Miɱ +i